Research in the social sciences relies on knowing the state of current research on a particular matter. To do this, many researchers read and write literature reviews.
For this assignment, you will develop a research question within the realm of the social sciences. Themes might include:
Access to government services
These are broad topics filled with a number of options for studying human behavior and interaction and the systems and social structures we create. You can narrow them by focusing on particular categories, like population, geographical area, type, etc.
Narrow your focus. The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to compile, organize, and record sources that will go in your next paper, the Literature Review, so you will need to examine what academic sources have said about the topic. Those topics listed above are broad, so think about a more narrow focus by asking a specific research question. That question will provide a context in which to explore them, such as “How does inclusive design in college classes affect student learning?” or “How does bilingualism affect adolescent social groups?”. Narrowing your topic is necessary to manage the workload for researching and to define the purpose of the Literature Review. If you want to vet your topic, do ask your writing coach before you spend too much time on something that may not work.
Search through the UF library to find 8 peer-reviewed academic sources of qualitative or quantitative research about your narrowed topic. They must be from within the past 5 years.
Compile your sources into an APA-style bibliography (titled “References”, sources in alphabetical order, sources written in proper APA form, etc.).
Prepare annotations for each source according to the guidelines below. The annotated material will be inserted into the bibliography beneath the entry it belongs to. The annotation will include:
3-5 sentences summarizing the author’s claims, methodology, and interpretive implications. Identify if the article is a qualitative or quantitative study (or both). This section articulates an objective summary of the reading. It should only convey exactly what the author states in the article without including your opinions. It should state the author’s primary claim and may include sub-claims.
List of terminology or key terms of the article. In this section, you will choose key terms used in this article or words with which you are unfamiliar. You don’t have to put the definitions in this document, but you should look up their definitions on your own. This list shouldn’t be longer than one line.
Reflection where you relate the article to your investigative question as well as ask questions, pose the argument, and reveal subjective biases. This section reveals your opinion about what the author has stated. Do you agree or disagree? What speculations do you want to make about this author’s methods of research? What questions do you have? What don’t you understand? What other information do you need to look up to better understand this article? This unconventional section puts forward your ideas. Use italics to distinguish this section.
1-3 relevant quotations that highlight the most important information from the research or that you feel the author expressed exceptionally well. Include page number(s) where you find the quote. Place quotation marks around the chosen phrase and make sure you cite the phrase verbatim.
1. Gather your scholarly, peer-reviewed sources. Read them carefully and develop a source synthesis chart that helps you visualize where the sources overlap and what significant information needs to be communicated in your review.
2. When beginning to draft, you can start with whichever section you want. Since this is a review, the text will be broken up into sections that cover the most important information about each sub-topic or aspect of your synthesis.
Introduction – The introduction should examine the topic and the current status of research regarding specific points you develop. As you have practiced in the activities, find two or three areas to examine.
Body – The body of your paper should be a synthesis of what researchers have said about your specific points. Remember, your paper should not present your topics source by source; rather it should be organized by issue or by concept in regard to your topic. For instance, if you are writing about hazing, you could organize your essay on specific elements of hazing–broad topics might be where it happens, when it happens, and how it happens, but narrowed down could be where it happens: schools and workplaces.
Conclusion – In the final paragraph(s), your conclusion, you should reiterate your findings, point out any gaps in the research, and point to directions of future research.
Language/Style – Use objective language, technical terms (with definitions/explanations where necessary), and summary or paraphrasing rather than quotations. No first or second-person language should be used.
3. Make sure to cite every piece of information that comes from a source following APA citation style. If you feel like you’re citing every sentence, you’re doing it right.
Length: The Literature Review should be 1000 words. (The Annotated Bibliography does not count towards the word count.)
Format: Use APA format. (Refer to the style guidelines presented in the appendix of your textbook.)
Sources: Inlcude 8 scholarly, peer-reviewed sources found through the UF Library (NOT Google or Google Scholar).